The genome of an organism is inscribed in DNA, or, in the case of some viruses, RNA. The portion of the genome that codes for a protein or an RNA is called a gene. Those genes that code for proteins are composed of tri-nucleotide units called codons, each coding for a single amino acid.

Genome of an organism is Inscribed in DNA, but who inscribes it? Is our DNA genetically engineered by some sort of super humans/Alien ? with hybrid memory representation, uniquely coded in an alpha/beta/gamma language  to create individuals intelligence? What our researcher thinks? Few click point, interestingly  but will take long time  to prove it. I mean as long as we cant find aliens, who some researches believe have modified or genetically engineered our DNA. Interesting right? an alien race so intelligent  that they can genetically modify or create intelligence. Is’nt that what all our researchers around the world working in AI field dreams of creating. #CreateHumanBrain #Artificial.

why do we think alien could have genetically engineered us?
Research from the University of Cambridge has discovered what appears to be ‘foreign’ DNA – 145 genes that may threaten one of modern orthodoxy’s sacred cows: Darwin’s theory of evolution. Scientists discover some DNA is NOT from our ancestors – and say it could change how we think about evolution. Many scientists have documented that over 95% of Human DNA does not have a known purpose. This DNA has been colloquially referred to as “Junk DNA“.Up to 97% of the human genetic information (DNA) is seemingly needless, repetitive “junk” – only about 3% is known to generate proteins, deserving the name “gene”. The rest used to be called “junk DNA”, lately renamed as “non-coding introns”, sometimes labeled by the mysterious, though not very explicit description that these self-similar strands “regulate gene expression”.

Author and researcher Chris H. Hardy’s, work: DNA of the Gods: The Anunnaki Creation of Eve and the Alien Battle for Humanity is certainly a book worth reading. She is developing the revolutionary work of late Zecharia Sitchin, Chris Hardy shows that the “gods” of ancient myth, visitors from the planet Nibiru, created us using their own “divine” DNA–first through DNA extraction from their own ribs’ marrow and later by direct relations with early human females. Drawing upon multiple sacred texts, Hardy details the genetic engineering of humanity by Anunnaki scientist Ninmah, with the help of Enki and Hermes. She reveals how Ninmah’s first female human creation, Tiamat/Eve, contained more alien DNA than the earlier male one, Adamu, and how the biblical Noah represents the perfection of her work.

CRISPR/Cas9 is a gene-editing technique that has revolutionized the field of genetic engineering since 2013. The approach involves expressing the RNA-guided Cas9 endonuclease along with guide RNAs directing it to a particular sequence to be edited. When Cas9 cuts the target sequence, the cell repairs the damage by replacing the original sequence with an altered version. Making a guide RNA to direct Cas9 to cut any specific gene is straightforward, the unmodified target sequence is introduced into a CRISPR-positive cell and then the CRISPR-cas complex can be isolated via several protein isolation techniques. CRISPR tremendously simplifies the process of deleting, adding, or modifying genes. As of 2014 it had successfully been tested in cells of 20 species, including humans. In many of these species, the edits modified their germline, allowing them to be inherited.

In 2015 researchers successfully tested CRISPR-based gene drives in Saccharomyces, Drosophila and mosquitoes.  All four studies demonstrated extremely efficient inheritance distortion over successive generations, with one study demonstrating the spread of a gene drive into naïve laboratory populations. Drive-resistant alleles are expected to arise for each of the described gene drives, however this can be delayed or prevented by targeting highly conserved sites at which resistance is expected to have a severe fitness cost.

In December 2015, scientists of major world academies called for a moratorium on inheritable human genome edits, including those related to CRISPR-Cas9 technologies.